UN Climate Change Report

Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty UN Climate Change Report

Post by Rogue on Sun Nov 02, 2014 7:59 am

UN Climate Change Report Delivers Stark Warnings
AP | By KARL RITTER
Posted: 11/02/2014 7:35 am EST

COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) — Climate change is happening, it's almost entirely man's fault and limiting its impacts may require reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero this century, the U.N.'s panel on climate science said Sunday.

The fourth and final volume of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's giant climate assessment didn't offer any surprises, nor was it expected to since it combined the findings of three earlier reports released in the past 13 months.

But it underlined the scope of the climate challenge in stark terms. Emissions, mainly from the burning of fossil fuels, may need to drop to zero by the end of this century for the world to have a decent chance of keeping the temperature rise below a level that many consider dangerous.

Failure to do so, which could require deployment of technologies that suck greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere, could lock the world on a trajectory with "irreversible" impacts on people and the environment, the report said. Some impacts are already being observed, including rising sea levels, a warmer and more acidic ocean, melting glaciers and Arctic sea ice and more frequent and intense heat waves.

"Science has spoken. There is no ambiguity in their message. Leaders must act. Time is not on our side," U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said at the report's launch in Copenhagen.

Amid its grim projections, the report also offered hope. The tools needed to set the world on a low-emissions path are there; it just has to break its addiction to the oil, coal and gas that power the global energy system while polluting the atmosphere with heat-trapping CO2, the chief greenhouse gas.

"We have the means to limit climate change," IPCC chairman Rajendra Pachauri said. "All we need is the will to change, which we trust will be motivated by knowledge and an understanding of the science of climate change."

The IPCC was set up in 1988 to assess global warming and its impacts.

The report released Sunday caps its latest assessment, a mega-review of 30,000 climate change studies that establishes with 95-percent certainty that nearly all warming seen since the 1950s is man-made.

Today only a small minority of scientists challenge the mainstream conclusion that climate change is linked to human activity.

Sleep-deprived delegates approved the final documents Saturday afternoon after a weeklong line-by-line review in Copenhagen that underscored that the IPCC process is not just about science. The reports must be approved both by scientists and governments, which means political issues from U.N. climate negotiations, which are nearing a 2015 deadline for a global agreement, inevitably affect the outcome.

The rift between developed and developing countries in the U.N. talks opened up in Copenhagen over a box of text that discussed what levels of warming could be considered dangerous. After a protracted battle, the delegates couldn't agree on the wording, and the box was dropped from a key summary for policy-makers to the disappointment of some scientists.

"If the governments are going to expect the IPCC to do their job," said Princeton professor Michael Oppenheimer, a lead author of the IPCC's second report, they shouldn't "get caught up in fights that have nothing to do with the IPCC."

The omission of the box meant the word "dangerous" disappeared from the summary altogether. It appeared only twice in a longer underlying report compared to seven times in a draft produced before the Copenhagen session.

But the less loaded word "risk" was mentioned 65 times in the final 40-page summary.

"Rising rates and magnitudes of warming and other changes in the climate system, accompanied by ocean acidification, increase the risk of severe, pervasive, and in some cases irreversible detrimental impacts," the report said.

World governments in 2009 set a goal of keeping the temperature rise below 2 degrees C (3.6 F) compared to before the industrial revolution. Temperatures have gone up about 0.8 C (1.4 F) since the 19th century.

Meanwhile, emissions have risen so fast in recent years that the world has already used up two-thirds of its carbon budget, the maximum amount of CO2 that can be emitted to have a likely chance of avoiding 2 degrees of warming, the IPCC report said.

"This report makes it clear that if you are serious about the 2-degree goal ... there is nowhere to hide," said Alden Meyer of the Union of Concerned Scientists, an advocacy group. "You can't wait several decades to address this issue."

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry called the report "another canary in the coal mine."

"The bottom line is that our planet is warming due to human actions, the damage is already visible, and the challenge requires ambitious, decisive and immediate action," Kerry said in a statement. "Those who choose to ignore or dispute the science so clearly laid out in this report do so at great risk for all of us and for our kids and grandkids."

Pointing to the solution, the IPCC said the costs associated with mitigation action such as shifting the energy system to solar and wind power and other renewable sources and improving energy efficiency would reduce economic growth only by 0.06 percent annually.

And Pachauri said that cost should be measured against the implications of doing nothing, putting "all species that live on this planet" at peril.

The report is meant as a scientific roadmap for the U.N. climate negotiations, which continue next month in Lima, Peru. That's the last major conference before a summit in Paris next year, where a global agreement on climate action is supposed to be adopted.

"Lima should be the place where we put the pieces together so we can move toward success" in Paris, said Peruvian Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal.

The biggest hurdle is deciding who should do what, with rich countries calling on China and other major developing countries to take on ambitious targets, and developing countries saying the rich have a historical responsibility to lead the fight against warming and to help poorer nations cope with its impacts. The IPCC carefully avoided taking sides in that discussion, saying the risks of climate change "are generally greater for disadvantaged people and communities in countries at all levels of development."

_http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/02/un-climate-change-report_n_6089392.html__
Rogue
Rogue

Posts : 23151
Join date : 2014-06-12
Location : Wild West

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Agartha on Sun Nov 02, 2014 10:51 am

Sadly big corporations are only interested in profits.
Sadly the majority of the population just want to live as easy and as cheap as they can.

But something needs and have to be done ASAP or we would have crossed a point of no return!
Agartha
Agartha
Admin

Posts : 15130
Join date : 2014-06-10
Location : Behind you.

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Monk (in hiding) on Sun Nov 02, 2014 1:43 pm

Fossil fuels will become obsolete within your lifetime.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lugano Test, 2014

Below is a summary of the Lugano report written by Gordon Docherty, and is posted here with his kind permission.

1. Testing was performed in Barbengo (Lugano), Switzerland, in a laboratory placed at [the testers'] disposal by Officine Ghidoni SA. (http://www.officineghidoni.ch/en/) Civil / Mechanical Engineering / Materials Science / Quality Control – strap-line “Quality, competence and flexibility are our prerogatives”.

2. Reactor makeup / size – alumina cylinder, 2 cm in diameter and 20 cm in length, ending on both sides with two cylindrical alumina blocks (4 cm in diameter, 4 cm in length). Alumina, synthetically produced aluminum oxide, Al2O3, is a white or nearly colourless crystalline substance that is used as a starting material for the smelting of aluminum metal. It also serves as the raw material for a broad range of advanced ceramic products and as an active agent in chemical processing.

“Hidden energy inputs” checked and ruled out – including hidden wires, DC offset, magnetron, batteries, death ray (it would have to be)… all environmental measurements undertaken by testers experienced in their fields … at an independent site.

3. Weight of active powder sample used : 1g (0.01 kg)

4. To quote:

“Upon completion of the gradual startup process procedure, the thermal camera indicated an average temperature for the body of the reactor of 1260°C, while the PCE recorded an electric power input to the E-Cat fluctuating at around 810 W. … After this initial period, we noticed that the feedback system had gradually cut back the input current, which was yielding about 790 W. We therefore decided to increase the power, and set it slightly above 900 W. Thereby, we also obtained an important second measurement point. In a few minutes, the reactor body reached a temperature close to 1400°C. Subsequent calculation proved that increasing the input by roughly 100 watts had caused an increase of about 700 watts in power emitted.” And: “We also chose not to induce the ON/OFF power input mode used in the March 2013 test, … (to avoid making) … calculations troublesome and rendered analysis of the acquired data difficult.”

5. Initial dummy test run below 500W, followed by 32 day main Test run with continuous higher input power (800 – 900W, as above). e-Cat not run in pulsed mode (which would have increased COP but made calculations and experimental evidence gathering much, much more difficult)

6. The measured energy balance between input and output heat yielded a COP factor of about 3.2 and 3.6 for the 1260ºC and 1400ºC runs, respectively. The total net energy obtained during the 32 days run was about 1.5MWh.

7. Sample of fuel carefully examined with respect to its isotopic composition before and after the run, using several standard methods: XPS, EDS, SIMS, ICP-MS and ICP-AES. From these combined analysis methods, significant quantities of Li, Al, Fe and H in addition to Ni were found in the fuel. Further, protium but no deuterium was seen by SIMS (so, non-radiative protium main hydrogen isotope). The isotope composition in Lithium and Nickel was found to agree with a “natural composition” before the run, while after the run it was found to have been changed substantially.

8. However, no radioactivity, alpha particles, fast neutrons or other high-energy ejecta detected, despite rigorous observations.

9. Remarkable change in ash as compared to initial fuel samples:

Lithium content in unused fuel found to be in natural ratios : 6Li 7 % and 7Li 93 %. However at the end of the run a depletion of 7Li in the ash was revealed by both the SIMS and the ICP-MS methods. In the SIMS analysis the 7Li content was only 7.9% and in the ICP-MS analysis it was 42.5 %.

Nickel content in unused fuel also found to be in natural ratios: i.e. 58Ni (68.1%), 60Ni (26.2%), 61Ni (1.1%), 62Ni (3.6%), and 64Ni (0.9%), whereas the ash composition from SIMS is: 58Ni (0.8.%), 60Ni (0.5%), 61Ni (0%), 62Ni (98.7%), 64Ni (0%), and from ICP-MS: 58Ni (0.8%), 60Ni (0.3%), 61Ni (0%), 62Ni (99.3%), 64Ni (0%).

So, the fuel is indeed changed at the nuclear level. Call it what you will, but there are definitely nuclear reactions going on.

10. Performances obtain do not reflect the MAXIMUM potential of the reactor, even at this point in its development: the net production of the reactor after 32 days’ operation was (5825 ± 10%) [MJ], the density of thermal energy (if referred to an internal charge weighing 1 g) was (5.8 • 106 ± 10%) [MJ/kg], while the density of power was equal to (2.1 • 106 ± 10%) [W/kg]. These values place the E-Cat TWO ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE (on a Ragone plot) beyond any known conventional energy source. Even if conservatively repeating the same calculations using the weight of the whole reactor (including the casing) rather just the powder, the results confirm the non-conventional nature of the form of energy generated by the E-Cat, namely (1.3 • 104 ± 10%) [MJ/kg] for thermal energy density, and (4.7 • 103 ± 10%) [W/kg] for power density.”

So, the news is truly remarkable – and VERY positive.


http://www.e-catworld.com/may-2013-3rd-party-test/

What is LENR

LENR stands for Low Energy Nuclear Reactions — and refers to the phenomenon where anomalous amounts of heat are created when certain metals (e.g. nickel, palladium) absorb hydrogen or deuterium and an external stimulus such as heat or an electric current is applied. The reaction takes place at relatively low temperature and sometimes results in transmutation of elements as well as the production of heat. Either no strong radiation is produced or it is absorbed locally. The waste products are not radioactive. This phenomenon is also referred to as Cold Fusion, LANR (lattice assisted nuclear reaction), as well as other terms.

http://www.e-catworld.com/what-is-lenr/

Monk (in hiding)

Posts : 1993
Join date : 2014-06-15

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Agartha on Sun Nov 02, 2014 3:27 pm

Very interesting article, thank you!

I sincerely hope greener and safe energy will be the only one used before the end of my days in this lifetime.
Agartha
Agartha
Admin

Posts : 15130
Join date : 2014-06-10
Location : Behind you.

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Rockhopper on Sun Nov 02, 2014 4:39 pm

It is indeed Ags! Thanks Omega.

We certainly need to do something, we are fast approaching the point where it will be too late. I despair about the world that my grandkids will be in. Too many vested interests in the status quo.

Tim.
Rockhopper
Rockhopper

Posts : 4282
Join date : 2014-06-13
Age : 75
Location : Island Paradise

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Stargate on Sun Nov 02, 2014 7:57 pm

Tim, greed triumphs over logical thinking, we all know where that leads. I wish I had your optimism.
The scientists are loosing the ability to convice the chosen few.

Stargate

Posts : 2013
Join date : 2014-06-14

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Stargate on Sun Nov 02, 2014 8:00 pm

@Agartha wrote:Very interesting article, thank you!

I sincerely hope greener and safe energy will be the only one used before the end of my days in this lifetime.

Sorry Agi, no profit on your hope.

Stargate

Posts : 2013
Join date : 2014-06-14

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Lenzabi on Mon Nov 03, 2014 3:11 am

I agree, the prognosis for human change in mindset is not good.

_________________
Warning!: Those who knock on Dragon's doors un-announced may be flame broiled, unless they bear chocolate/wine, or good foods
UN Climate Change Report  Div20a11
Once they have tried scales, everything else pales! Twisted Evil
Lenzabi
Lenzabi
Admin

Posts : 2325
Join date : 2014-06-11
Age : 55
Location : Earth

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Rogue on Mon Nov 03, 2014 3:16 am


Too many people waiting for someone else to start doing something. esp. here in Oz.
Rogue
Rogue

Posts : 23151
Join date : 2014-06-12
Location : Wild West

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Lenzabi on Mon Nov 03, 2014 3:21 am

America, the "world leader" is busy fracking for more petroleum and natural gas, less non-fossil fuel solutions, so sadly with so much climate denial and that Berman guy making strategy like win dirty or loose pretty strategy, I don't see US cleaning up soon enough to do any good.

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/11/01/1340660/-Richard-Berman-and-the-Oil-Industry-Lobby-s-47-Tape?detail=email

_________________
Warning!: Those who knock on Dragon's doors un-announced may be flame broiled, unless they bear chocolate/wine, or good foods
UN Climate Change Report  Div20a11
Once they have tried scales, everything else pales! Twisted Evil
Lenzabi
Lenzabi
Admin

Posts : 2325
Join date : 2014-06-11
Age : 55
Location : Earth

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Rockhopper on Mon Nov 03, 2014 3:36 am

@Rogue wrote:
Too many people waiting for someone else to start doing something. esp. here in Oz.

Very true Roggie. It's the same the world over sadly!

Tim.
Rockhopper
Rockhopper

Posts : 4282
Join date : 2014-06-13
Age : 75
Location : Island Paradise

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Stargate on Mon Nov 03, 2014 5:00 am

@Rogue wrote:
Too many people waiting for someone else to start doing something. esp. here in Oz.

I totally agree Rogue, when you consider energy itself is free. There is enough thermal energy in our bodies to transform Into electric energy to drive our cell phones and other equipment. Where there is no profit there is no political will. I have yet to see one rich country volunteer to give an inch on climate change if they are going to loose one dime. I do not want to sound gloomy but the human greed far outweigh the human logic.

Stargate

Posts : 2013
Join date : 2014-06-14

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Monk (in hiding) on Mon Nov 03, 2014 7:55 am

We all are to blame, separating us from them only divides humanity. It's a human consciousness hurdle that starts within ourselves, each and every one of us. So, let's begin the journey, shall we?

UN Climate Change Report  220px-Vitruvian_macrocosm-filtered


Monk (in hiding)

Posts : 1993
Join date : 2014-06-15

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Stargate on Mon Nov 03, 2014 10:05 pm

Ω wrote:We all are to blame, separating us from them only divides humanity. It's a human consciousness hurdle that starts within ourselves, each and every one of us. So, let's begin the journey, shall we?

UN Climate Change Report  220px-Vitruvian_macrocosm-filtered


Very true Q, we are all a small part no matter how small, so we have a role to play. It matters a lot when we collectively act, it is getting to that point we have a problem.

Stargate

Posts : 2013
Join date : 2014-06-14

Back to top Go down

UN Climate Change Report  Empty Re: UN Climate Change Report

Post by Sponsored content


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

Back to top

- Similar topics

 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum